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Orthodontic gums: What are they for and what types of orthodontic gums are there?

Gomes D'Orthodontics

In this entry, we will explain in detail what they are, what they are for and what types of orthodontic gums exist. We want to share with you valuable information about orthodontic gums and how they can be beneficial to your dental health. As in experts in dentistry, we want to make sure you are well informed on this topic and feel empowered to make informed decisions about your oral health.

What are gums in orthodontics?

the orthodontic gums, also known as elastic ligatures, are small elements of silicone or elastic rubber that are used in the orthodontic treatment to keep the arches or wires of the orthodontic appliance fixed to the brackets, which are the parts attached to the teeth.

What are orthodontic ligatures for?

Gummies have several important functions in orthodontic treatment. Here are some of its key features:

Dental movement

They exert a gentle, steady force on the teeth, helping to move them into the proper position. This movement is essential for correct problems such as malocclusions, excessive spacing, or rotated teeth.

Stabilization of the arc

They hold the arch or orthodontic wire fixed to the brackets. This helps control the pressure and direction of tooth movement, ensuring proper alignment of the teeth.

Color options

Orthodontic gums come in a wide variety of colors, giving patients the opportunity to customize their orthodontic appliance. This can be particularly attractive to children and teenagers as it allows them to express their personality and style.

What types of orthodontic gums are there?

There is various types of rubbers available, each with unique characteristics. Here are some of the more common types:

Donut shaped gummies

These rubbers have a hole in the center, which allows the bow to pass through them. This design helps reduce friction between the arch and bracket, promoting smoother tooth movement.

Gums in the form of a ligature

Ligature-shaped rubbers have a flat shape and are used to secure the arch to the brackets. This type offers good stability and resistance.

Colored rubber bands

Colored rubber bands are especially popular with children and teenagers as they offer a wide variety to choose from. This type of gum allows patients to customize the orthodontic appliance and make it more fun.

Transparent or neutral colored rubbers

the transparent rubber bands or neutral color are a discreet option for patients who prefer their orthodontic appliance to go unnoticed. These rubbers are less visible and provide a more aesthetic appearance.

What Kinds of Gums Dortodontia Exist

How to choose the right orthodontic gums?

The selection of orthodontic gums depends on several factors, including patient preferences, the type of orthodontic appliance used, and the recommendations of the dental professional. It is important to consult with your orthodontist to determine which gums are most appropriate for you specific treatment.

Take care of the elastic elbows

To ensure the effectiveness of the treatment and maintain optimal oral health, it is important to keep the gums clean and in good condition. Here are some tips:

  • Wash your hands before handling the rubbers.
  • Avoid eating hard or sticky foods that can modify them.
  • Use a mild toothpaste and a toothbrush with bristles to clean the gums gently.
  • Avoid stretching excessively to prevent its rupture.


Gums are an important part of orthodontic treatment as they help move the teeth into their correct position. It is important to choose the right option for your orthodontic appliance and follow your specialist's recommendations to ensure effective correction of dental problems. For more information, do not hesitate to contact our team of dental professionals.