Ave. Francesc Macià, 88 08800 Vilanova i la Geltrú, Barcelona

Wisdom tooth pain: causes and treatment

Pain in the jaw of the brain

The wisdom toothache it is a common experience for many people during young adulthood. These teeth, also known as third molars, usually erupt between the 17 and 25 years. However, their growth can cause discomfort and pain due to various reasons. In this article, we will explore the causes of wisdom tooth pain and the recommended treatments to relieve discomfort.

Causes of wisdom toothache

  • Eruption: Pain can happen when wisdom teeth try to erupt through the gums. Lack of space in the jaw can put pressure on adjacent teeth and cause discomfort.
  • impact: If wisdom teeth cannot fully erupt due to lack of space or poor positioning, they may become impacted on the gums or bone, causing pain and inflammation.
  • infection: Erupting wisdom teeth can increase the risk of infection in the affected area, which can cause pain, swelling and redness.
  • Pericoronitis: It is a condition in which the tissue around the impacted wisdom tooth becomes inflamed, which can cause severe pain and difficulty opening the mouth.
  • caries: Although wisdom teeth are difficult to reach and clean properly, tooth decay can affect them, causing pain and sensitivity.
Pain in the jaw of the brain

Treatment for wisdom toothache

  • analgesia: The dentist can prescribe pain relievers to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. It is essential to follow the directions of the professional for the safe and effective use of medicines.
  • mouthwash: In case of infection or pericoronitis, the use of oral rinses with antiseptic solutions can be recommended to reduce inflammation and the presence of bacteria. 
  • Cold compresses: Applying cold compresses to the affected area can help reduce inflammation and relieve pain.
  • Oral hygiene: Maintaining good oral hygiene is essential to prevent infections and reduce the occurrence of cavities in wisdom teeth.
  • extraction: In cases of impaction, chronic pain or recurring problems, it may be necessary to extract the wisdom teeth. Extraction is a common and safe procedure performed by dentists or oral surgeons.

Prevention of wisdom toothache

  • Regular visits to the dentist: Do regular dental checkups allows wisdom teeth problems to be detected in the early stages and receive appropriate treatment.
  • Maintaining good oral hygiene: Brushing your teeth three times a day, using dental floss and mouthwash helps prevent infection and decay in your wisdom teeth.
  • Eruption Monitoring: If you feel pain or discomfort in the wisdom teeth area, it is important to visit the dentist to evaluate the rash and detect any potential problems.
  • Avoid hard and sticky foods: Consuming hard or sticky foods generates more stimulation and pressure on the wisdom teeth area and cause discomfort. Opt for a bland diet during the breakout process.
  • Do not postpone extraction: If the dentist recommends wisdom teeth extraction, it is crucial to follow the advice to prevent future problems and ease the pain.

Wisdom tooth pain can be caused by eruption, impaction, infection, pericoronitis or decay in these teeth and the surrounding area. The appropriate treatment it includes pain relievers, mouth gags, cold compresses, good oral hygiene and, in some cases, the extraction of wisdom teeth. The prevention is key to avoid discomfort and is achieved through regular visits to the dentist, good oral hygiene and monitoring of the rash. With proper care, you can relieve wisdom tooth pain and maintain optimal oral health.