The oral health is essential to maintain a radiant smile and a good quality of life. White gums can be a sign of various oral health conditions and problems. Gums play a crucial role in dental well-being, and color is an important indicator of their condition. In this article, we will explore the possible causes of white gums and the recommended treatments to restore health.
Causes of white gums
- Leukoplasia: Leukoplakia is a condition in which white patches develop in the mouth, including the gums. It can be caused by smoking, excessive alcohol consumption or chronic irritation in the mouth.
- Oral lichen planus: It is an inflammatory disease that can affect the mucous membranes of the mouth, including the gums, and cause white, reticular areas on the surface.
- Oral candidiasis: Also known as “thrush”, it is a fungal infection that can cause white spots on the gums and other areas of the mouth.
- Gingivitis: Gingivitis is one inflammation of the gums caused by the accumulation of bacterial plaque. In some cases, it can cause white and sensitive gums. Although it is usually expressed with redness and inflammation.
- Trauma: A blow or injury to the gums after surgery or an injury can cause temporary white areas due to the accumulation of scar tissue.
Treatments for white gums
- Proper diagnosis: Faced with the presence of white gums, it is essential to go to a dentist for a precise diagnosis. The professional examines the mouth and determines the exact cause of the white gums.
- Cessation of harmful habits: If smoking or excessive alcohol consumption are the causes of white gums, it is important to eliminate these habits to reduce the risk of leukoplakia.
- Treatment of infections: In case of oral candidiasis or other infections, the appropriate medication will be prescribed for each case and combat the underlying cause.
- Control of oral hygiene: Maintaining good oral hygiene is essential to prevent and treat gingivitis and other conditions related to the accumulation of bacterial plaque.
- Medication and specific care: For conditions such as oral lichen planus, specific medications or treatments may be prescribed to relieve inflammation and improve gum health.
Prevention of white gums
- Regular brushing: Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss to remove plaque and prevent gingivitis.
- Regular visits to the dentist: Do regular dental checkups to detect oral conditions in the early stages and receive appropriate treatments.
- Avoid bad habits: Eliminate smoking and moderate alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of leukoplakia.
- Maintain a healthy diet: Consume nutrient-rich foods and avoid sugary and acidic foods to protect oral health.
- Proper care after trauma: If a blow or injury to the gums occurs, follow the dentist's instructions for proper care and healing.
the white gums they can be a symptom of various oral conditions, from leukoplakia and oral lichen planus to gingivitis and oral candidiasis. It is essential to see a dentist for a proper diagnosis and receive the necessary treatment. In addition, maintaining good oral hygiene, avoiding harmful habits and following a healthy diet are preventive measures to maintain the health of the gums and the mouth in general. With proper care and attention, you can maintain healthy gums and a radiant smile.